Bill English: Looking back on a life in politics

by Elizabeth Brown / 13 February, 2018

Ex-prime minister Bill English led National twice, and twice led it to an election defeat. Photo / Rebekah Parsons-King

Today the National Party leader Bill English called it quits.

The 56-year-old former farmer from Dipton has been National Party leader twice, and twice led the party to an election defeat.

Bill English - full name Simon William English - was born in Lumsden in 1961 and educated at St Patrick's College Silverstream in Upper Hutt near Wellington.

He studied Commerce at the University of Otago and English Literature at Victoria.

He took to politics early - leading the Young Nats branch in Southland in the 1980s.

The young Bill English went on to work as a Treasury analyst before returning to the family farm in Dipton and standing in the Wallace seat, which is known today as Clutha-Southland.

He was elected to Parliament in 1990, joining the Bolger government with fellow 1990-ers, Tony Ryall, Nick Smith, and Roger Sowry - who were quickly dubbed the "Brat Pack".

The father of six rocketed up the National Party ranks through the 1990s.

In 1996, he became Health Minister in the cabinet of Prime Minister James Bolger, and also served as treasurer and Finance Minister (among others) before the government headed by Jenny Shipley was voted out of office in 1999.

He led a coup against Mrs Shipley, rolling her in 2001 to become National Party leader.

But for English it turned into a political move which backfired - badly.

In the 2002 general election Mr English led the party to its worst-ever defeat. National lost to Helen Clark's resurgent Labour Party and hit rock-bottom with just 21.8 percent of the vote.

A broken and humiliated Bill English was led away in tears at the time and was left to shoulder the blame for the defeat.

In 2003, he was replaced as party leader by Don Brash and went back to his role as a loyal foot soldier in opposition.

When up-and-coming rookie John Key took over the leadership English fell into line behind him as a true-hearted deputy and they went on to form a successful political partnership.

He became Minister of Finance and steered New Zealand with a steady hand on the economic tiller from 2008 until 2016.

It seems his ambition to lead the country never really left him and when Key suddenly resigned in December 2016 he got his chance - becoming party leader and taking over as Prime Minister.

But the real test for English was if he could overcome the ghosts of elections past and become an elected Prime Minister in his own right.

Projecting the image of an experienced hand, English led the party into the September 2017 general election.

Despite opinion polling forecasting a poor showing for Labour, the party was energised by the sudden promotion of 37-year-old Jacinda Ardern to leader just weeks out from the election.

It put a big dent in National's campaign.

Nevertheless, National won 44.6 percent of the vote and 56 seats - but not enough to govern outright and leaving New Zealand First and its leader Winston Peters in the position of kingmaker.

When Mr Peters decided to go with Labour on October 19, he dealt English another loss.

And this time it's clearly one he doesn't care to stick around for.

This article was originally published by RNZ.

Latest

Top syrah wine picks from New Zealand and abroad
91336 2018-05-25 00:00:00Z Wine

Top syrah wine picks from New Zealand and abroad

by Michael Cooper

Syrah, one of the great grapes of the Rhône Valley, is at home Downunder and these wines prove it.

Read more
Paula Bennett kicked out of House as tempers flare between Speaker and National
91466 2018-05-24 16:32:18Z Politics

Paula Bennett kicked out of House as tempers flare…

by RNZ

There have been testy scenes at Parliament this afternoon during Question Time, with National's deputy leader thrown out of the House.

Read more
Critic wars: Our reviewers boot up their lightsabers for the Han Solo movie
91400 2018-05-24 09:57:42Z Movies

Critic wars: Our reviewers boot up their lightsabe…

by Russell Baillie and James Robins

... And they come to a draw. It seems the Solo solo effort is enjoyable enough but lacks that old Star Wars magic.

Read more
Labour and National go head to head over KiwiBuild
91396 2018-05-24 09:41:43Z Property

Labour and National go head to head over KiwiBuild…

by Jane Patterson

Housing minister Phil Twyford and National's Judith Collins tussled over the affordability of houses to be built under Kiwibuild.

Read more
Pākehā with facial moko divides Māori community
91392 2018-05-24 08:23:30Z Social issues

Pākehā with facial moko divides Māori community

by Te Aniwa Hurihanganui

A Māori woman who has had a facial moko for 10 years is backing a life coach who also has one despite being Pākehā.

Read more
Is this the transformational government we were looking for?
91411 2018-05-24 00:00:00Z Politics

Is this the transformational government we were lo…

by The Listener

Finance Minister Grant Robertson described Budget 2018 as “bread and butter”. It was. But bread-and-butter pudding was what the public were after.

Read more
Crooked House – movie review
91198 2018-05-24 00:00:00Z Movies

Crooked House – movie review

by James Robins

A Christie adaptation has a bleak reveal.

Read more
The power of sharing stories about anxiety and depression
90669 2018-05-24 00:00:00Z Psychology

The power of sharing stories about anxiety and dep…

by Marc Wilson

People assailed by depression need to know they're not alone – and stories shared by celebrities and non-celebrities go a long way in helping.

Read more